Vague Terminology, Non-specific Training
“Neutralize the threat”
"Do enough to get away."
"Use enough force to get the job done, but not more than you need."
There is a big problem with using non-specific language about recognizing threats, using force, and surviving violence. The problem is that under stress - adrenaline...fear...pain...is the worst time to be figuring things out and making decisions.
The Goal of Krav Maga Training
Our goal in Krav Maga training- the kind we teach and practice, is to Control, Incapacitate, or Terminate a threat, using our bodies or any other tools in-hand. There is no reason to use vague terms in teaching or learning, because everyone has a common framework for understanding what a neutralized threat looks like by watching contact sports.
We learn a great deal about what works for self-defense through sports medicine - bodies hitting each other at-speed, and bodies hitting the ground. Every weekend in North America, we see examples of what a neutralized threat looks like - a player down, on the football field. Trainers kneeling next to him, and several minutes of assessment to see whether the player can safely get up, or needs to be carted off.
The player is more focused on his pain and covering his injury than in getting up or playing more football. He’ll be carted off the field. No more football today, no football next week. Maybe more football later in the season.
The Neutralized Threat and the Injured Athlete
Note - these images are included respectfully, for learning purposes. Some of these athletes unfortunately never fully recovered.
This is what a neutralized threat looks like. A potential attacker is neutral or defensive, prone on the ground. He is covering injuries or places that hurt, and is not interested in anything else. He won’t be attacking again today, or for a while. If the threat is serious enough, he won’t ever be attacking again, but this should be a rare thing.
This might sound extreme without covering our Use of Force guidelines, but the only reason to ever use force against another human being is because there is no other reasonable choice, and the outcome must be decisive. We’re not talking about Bullying, or confrontations in a bar. We’re dealing with asocial violence. (Here is the 5 Minute Use of Force Guide)
The Problem with Stun and Run
This is counter to the “stun and run” approach. Stun and Run means one or two sudden techniques are used against an attacker, such as a groin kick and palm heel strike, before making an escape. This approach can work, but doesn’t always work. Some people are tougher than others, and some can take pain. We should have clear, easy to understand guidelines to follow in training and not think we are going to be assessing a situation on the fly.
Go back to the football field - how often do we see a running back or receiver take a couple of good shots, and still stay on his feet and make positive yardage? The play is over when he has a knee down. If the hits kept coming and were piled on while he was down, he would stay down. The cart would drive out, we’d have several minutes of stopped play, and he’d be carted off - injured. (Neutralized, for our purposes)
There are some injuries that exceed the human threshold to continue from - regardless of pain threshold, toughness, or drug use. Maiming a threat is not the goal of training, but we should all understand where this limit is in ourselves and others.
Clear Guidelines and Visualizing Success
These are good guidelines for civilian self-defense, and Krav Maga training should reflect this. Law enforcement has an additional challenge to arrest individuals and must keep force to a level that allows control of a suspect for arrest. The more a suspect resists though, the more these same guidelines come into effect in order to contain the situation. (Law enforcement often gets the force multiplier of teamwork, and officers patrolling areas with a high number of arrests get more practice of effective techniques and tactics)
Whether you are interested in football or MMA or not, you should watch some video clips of what happens before the moment of injury, and what the injured athlete looks like while he is down. It can be hard to watch, but this is what an identified threat should look like when you have survived the encounter.
See the posture - down, on the back, side, or stomach, not trying to get up, often curled or holding a limb, with the only real movement rocking back and forth involuntarily, trying to find less pain. These aren’t images that normal people should spend time on for entertainment, but if you are serious about self-protection, you need to know exactly what to do, when to get started, and what the successful outcome looks like.
Krav Maga Training Tip: Make sure you are training to incapacitate an attacker, and see these postures over and over again, before scanning the environment and escaping. Good control, a good training partner, and slowing training down a bit are required. The elements of speed and intensity can easily be added later.